An optometrist is an eye doctor who has earned the Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree. Optometrists examine eyes for both vision and health problems, and correct refractive errors by prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses. Some optometrists also provide low vision care and vision therapy.
An optometrist generally must complete a four-year college degree program in the sciences, plus four years of post-graduate professional training in optometry school. In this regard, the educational requirements of an optometrist are similar to those of a dentist. An Optometry (also called an OD or optometrist) is a primary health care provider that specializes in eye care and visual health. The Indian Optometric Association explains that optometrists “examine, diagnose, treat and manage diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures and their related systemic conditions.”
What does An Optometry do?
Optometrists examine the internal and external structure of the eyes to diagnose eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders; systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes; and vision conditions including nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. During an examination, optometrists conduct and assess:
Vision assessments/refraction Optometrists determine the clarity or blur that patients have and use tailored techniques to find a prescription for the patients best possible vision.
Binocular vision Optometrists determine the patient’s ability to properly focus and coordinate the eyes, and assess depth perception.
Eye disease Optometrists diagnose and treat some eye diseases with pharmaceutical agents. They also identify systemic diseases with ocular manifestations such as diabetes, high blood pressure, thyroid conditions, cancer, and HIV.
Duration of this course:
What are the job opportunities /career options for an Optometrist ?
Apart from the above-mentioned government organizations, several other organizations also frequently call for applications from eligible candidates in the optometry sector. Government organizations offer a pay scale of Rs.15200-32200 plus a GP of Rs.28000 for the position of Optometrist. Therefore, these professionals come under pay brand 1 in government organizations. There are all sorts of opportunities and roles within optometry - you could be working with the general public in a high street optometrists; carrying out eye examinations, treating eye conditions in a hospital or clinic or carrying out essential research in the university or a laboratory. You could also be involved in developing cutting-edge contact lenses for all kinds of eye conditions, or helping people find the right glasses to make sure that they are living life to the full - and looking good! If you have the right skills, you could work all over the world and one day you could be running your own business or your department.